Maha Shivratri is the major festival in Hinduism. It is celebrated annually in honour of the lord Shiva in Shiva Temple “Om Namah Shivaay”. The sacred mantra is chanted throughout the day Maha Shivratri is particularly important in the Shaivism tradition of Hinduism. Maha Shivratri is a festival notable for its focus, fasting and meditation on lord Shiva. The Shaiva Hindus mark the ‘Shivratri’ night as ‘overcoming darkness and ignorance’ in one’s life and world through Shiva The festival is celebrated on the new moon day in the month of Phalgun/Maagha according to the Hindu calendar. There is a Shivratri in every luni-solar month of the Hindu calendar, on the month’s 13th night or 14th day. But once a year in late winter (February/March) and before the arrival of spring, marks Maha Shivratri which means “the Great Night of Shiva”. The most popular story is that Maha Shivaratri is the day on which Shiva married Goddess Parvati. There is a tale which associates the day to Samudra Manthan In which Shiva saved the world by consuming the emerged poison and arresting it in his throat through Yogic powers. Another tale has it that after the Earth was faced with an imminent destruction, Goddess Parvati pledged with Lord Shiva to save the world. Pleased with her prayers, Lord Shiva agreed to save the world. Maha Shivaratri observances include poojas, abhishek, fasting and staying awake at night with prayers People visit Shiva temples on Maha Shivratri and chant the sacred mantra ‘Om Namah Shivaya’. Some people perform Maha Mrityunjay Mantra too Hindu temples across the country are decorated with colourful lights. Large processions are carried out throughout the city. Abhishek on Shivling is a major ritual of Maha Shivratri. Abhishek is performed using Milk, Honey, Sugar, black sesame seeds, Ganga Jal etc. After this, sandalwood paste and rice are applied on Shivling. Thereafter, fresh fruits and flowers are offered. The major Jyotirling Shiva temples of India Such as in Varanasi and Somnatha, are particularly frequented on Maha Shivaratri. They serve also as sites for fairs and special events. The most popular Maha Shivaratri celebrations take place in Ujjain. Believed to be the place of residence of Lord Shiva. Maha Shivaratri is the most important festival in Kashmir Shaivism. It is celebrated as the anniversary of the marriage of Shiva and Parvati. Maha Shivaratri is celebrated widely in the temples all over Nepal but especially in the Pashupatinath temple.